National Health ID and Future of India’s Health infrastructure
What is the national health ID system?
The National Health ID will be a collection of all health-related data of a person. As per the National Health Authority (NHA), The patients who wish to have their own health records accessible digitally must enrol by creating a Health ID. Health data consent managers will link this Health ID to the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) — which will ask the patient’s consent and allow them to access health information from the Personal Health Records. The Health ID is generated based on a person’s basic details like name, mobile number, Address, Aadhaar number, Date of Birth etc. As some details like aadhaar are unique, it becomes easy to identify the health records of a patient.
When was the proposal for the health ID Taken place?
In the year 2017, the National Health policy visioned to create a digital health technology which aims at developing a modern health information system that helps the needs of all stakeholders and improves performance, transparency and patients experience with linking of health data across public and private healthcare institutes
In June 2018, NITI Aayog– the central government’s think-tank proposed the creation of a digital health information ecosystem – National Health Stack. As part of this NITI Aayog proposed the Digital Health ID
The aim is to reduce the medical mistreatment and know the previous health status of the patient and treat according to it. This was further taken up by the Central government with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the NHA, and the Ministry of Electronics and IT and prepared a strategy “Making India a Digital Health Nation Enabling Digital Healthcare for all”.
Who has the permission access to Health ID?
Healthcare institutes like hospitals, laboratories, insurance companies, online pharmacies, telemedicine firms these institutes have only access when a patient gives the consent to view his medical records. If accessed without the consent institutes can be penalised.
Health infrastructure in India before 1990 and after 1990
The progression of healthcare in India over the past 30 years is in a mixed state. While the infant mortality rate (IMR) and maternal mortality ratio (MMR) have come down considerably, healthcare costs have shot up heavily The government’s allocation to healthcare as a percentage of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) is 5.7% in 2019-20 from 1.47% in 1986-87.
IMR has fallen to 32 per 1,000 live births in 2018 from 88 in 1990, according to the Niti aayog report. Similarly, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report released in 2014, MMR in India has declined from 560 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 190 in 2013.
“Evidence from the ground supports this. We have made gains in maternal and child health by establishing public health systems in rural areas. The investments were made through the National Rural Health Mission (now under National Health Mission). Many schemes have been introduced from 2000 to 2020 to improve the health of citizens and make changes in the health sector to keep people of India healthy.
Health facts of the south, north, east and west Indian citizens
- At an average of two children born per woman in 2018, the country’s birth rate stood at 18.6 for every thousand inhabitants.
- The average life expectancy has seen a consistent increase since the 1920s and was around 69 years in 2017. However, this was still lower than the global average of around 72 years.
- Despite these positive indications, India had the highest number of undernourished people in the Asia Pacific region.
- A large-scale survey from 2019 found that 70 per cent of Indian women and 59 per cent Indian men were unhealthy based on their diet and lifestyle. Heart disease has been one of the leading causes of death in India for over two decades, along with an increased propensity for cancer and diabetes
- In 2017, the country recorded the highest number of malaria cases throughout the Asia Pacific region.
- In addition to this, the share of mental health disorders among adults stood at around 14.3 per cent in 2017.
In India, with the advent of technology, the health sector is progressing in a modern way. It is our responsibility to keep fit and maintain a proper diet and be healthy. Govt is providing various schemes and health insurances every year and allocating a definitive share in the budget. currently, the country is fighting against the novel coronavirus in an effective way.